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铁路集装箱的分类特点
2016-4-21 15:32:19
1. 集装箱按类型(用途)分:
1 container by type (use):
通用型集装箱
Universal container
通用型集装箱一般用来装运普通成件有包装的货物。
General purpose containers are generally used to ship ordinary packaged goods.
如交电类、仪器仪表类、小型机械类、玻璃陶瓷建材类、工艺品类、文教体育用品类、医药类、烟酒食品类、日用品类、化工类、针纺织品类、小五金及其它适合集装箱装运的货物。
Such as electrical, instrumentation, small machinery, glass ceramics, building materials, arts and crafts class, culture, education, sports activities, medicine, alcohol and tobacco food, daily necessities, chemicals, textiles, hardware and other suitable for container shipment of the goods.
专用集装箱
Special container
2.专用集装箱是用来装运特定的货物。目前我国的专用集装箱不多,国外专用集装箱主要有以下几种:
2 special container is used to ship specific goods. At present our country's special container is not much, the foreign special container mainly has the following several:
(1)、集装货物箱
(1), container cargo box
主要用来装运水泥、面粉、谷物、盐、塑料工艺品、化肥工业的粉状颗粒物。这类集装箱有可以自卸的,也有用压缩空气卸。
Mainly used for shipping cement, flour, grain, salt, plastic crafts, fertilizer industry powder particles. This type of container can dump, is also useful for compressed air discharge.
(2)、罐装集装箱
(2), canned container
主要用于运输液体货物,如酒类、牛奶、蜂蜜、化学品、糖浆等。也可用来运输压缩气体。
Mainly used in the transportation of liquid goods, such as alcohol, milk, honey, chemicals, syrup, etc.. Can also be used to transport compressed gases.
(3)、冷藏集装箱
(3), refrigerated container
主要用于运输易腐货物,如肉类、鱼类、蛋品、蔬菜、水果等。货物装于箱内可保持一定的温度。
Mainly used for transport of perishable goods, such as meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruits, etc.. The goods can be kept in a certain temperature in the box.
(4)、牲畜集装箱
(4) livestock container
这是用于装运牲畜、家禽等货物。箱内有良好的通风设备及喂养设备。
This is for the shipment of livestock, poultry and other goods. Good ventilation equipment and feeding equipment in the box.
3.集装箱按大小分
3 containers by size
大型箱:凡装载量在20t以上的大型箱(如20英尺箱、40英尺箱)。
Large box: where the load capacity of large boxes above 20t (such as 20 box, 40 box).
小型箱:凡装载量在5t以下的为小型箱(如我国目前通用的1t箱)。
Small box: where the amount of loading in the 5T below for small boxes (such as China's current general 1t box).
中型箱:即装载量在5-20t之间的为中型集装箱(如我国目前通用的5t箱、10箱)。
Medium box: that is, the load capacity of 5-20T between the medium sized containers (such as China's current general 5T box, 10 boxes).
4.集装箱按其结构分
4 container according to its structure
封闭式、开顶式、活顶式、无顶式、两端开门式、折叠式等。
A closed, open top, top, top living type, both ends open, folding etc..
按箱主分为铁路集装箱、自备集装箱。
According to the box is divided into the main railway container, owned container.
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